Basic Item List for Emergency Preparedness
When you think of emergency preparedness, there are a few things that immediately should cross your mind. Most common of these things are the different types of emergency kits available like 72-hour emergency survival kits, first aid kits, outdoor survival kits, urban survival kits, Bug Out Bags, auto survival kits, etc. There are also some basic items other than the comprehensive ready-made kits that are really important and can help you through more than just one kind of emergency. Some of the basic items that are really useful during disasters are discussed in this article. These items can be bought separately to put in your own custom-made emergency survival kit or as a part of ready-made emergency survival kits. The type of kit that’s best for your family is going to depend not only on your family’s needs but on the type of disaster you’ll likely need the emergency survival kit for.
Essential items, as well as some of the overlooked items that should be included in any survival kit, are listed below:
These are very useful for many types of emergencies. For example, if you are stuck in a fire, a blanket can help protect you and help you escape the building easily. Also, if your car gets damaged and you’re in the middle of a road during the winter season, an emergency blanket can keep you warm and protect you from chilling cold outside. Similarly, a protective covering can keep you warm during a natural disaster like an earthquake when you don’t have electricity to power your heating devices. You can find these items in most of the emergency survival kits designed for natural disasters. You can also use a blanket for shelter in the outdoors when you just throw it over a rope strung between two trees.
Pre-packaged water and easily portable containers of water can be crucial during a natural disaster. As everyone knows water is a real lifesaver during emergencies. Keeping yourself hydrated not only helps you during severe emergencies but also helps reduce the level of stress caused by a difficult situation. Make sure your stockpile of water supplies is available at all times for it’s one of the most basic steps towards emergency survival preparedness.
Ensuring a sufficient and quality supply of food can help you when you’re going through a disaster and have no access to stores, your kitchen, restaurants, or any other regular sources of food supplies. You can buy food with long shelf storage lives and store it. Experts remind us that supplies should be rotated at regular intervals to maintain freshness and avoid expiration of the quantity you keep on hand.
Items like radios, cell phones, walkie-talkies, bullhorns are essential and can help you communicate with your family when it is important to convey messages about your/their location, rescue needs, and guidance for rescue. They can also be useful when the emergency hits you at a crowded place. This equipment can be very useful for rescue teams to provide guidance for escape of many natural disasters and human-caused catastrophic events. Cell phones work especially well for this matter since most all cell phones made today have GPS tracking already on the phone which can be a lifesaver for the person carrying the phone and anyone with that person. The only concern of cell phones is the natural disaster that happens may take out all cell towers, as in the case of the recent hurricanes. Puerto Rico is still waiting for cell service in some places. In the event of any flood, cell service will be interrupted until flood waters recede to restore electrical services. This puts more importance on pre-planning because your cell phone will have to wait to be useful in these cases.
Flashlights, torches, and candles can be useful if the disaster occurs during the night or where there is less availability of sunlight. Such situations occur mostly during the natural disasters when the power grid fails and supply of electricity is interrupted. Thankfully, much of the electrical equipment designed for emergency use are powered by solar energy or have miniature generators contained within the device that can provide enough energy to power the device for many hours. The best thing about these devices is that they don’t rely on batteries so you don’t have to always make sure you have enough batteries.
This could be the most important part of your emergency survival preparedness, even more, important than your emergency water supply, because this is what is going to provide basic first aid needs like bandages to stop any excessive bleeding from open injuries, provide a splint for broken bones, slings for broken arms, Ace bandages for sprained ankles, and much more, too much to list in this short article. Your First Aid Bag should carry enough supplies to cover any contingency for everyone in your family.
The essentials list above are only the basics of what’s needed to keep your family provided for should any natural or man-made disaster occurs. Your family’s needs and the type of disaster most likely to hit you are going to dictate what type of emergency survival kits are most important for your family.